Top 6 Programming Languages for Mobile App Development

6 Best Programming Languages for Mobile App Development

Mobile apps have become one of the most efficient ways to reach customers. Businesses with mobile apps have better customer engagement and revenue growth. However, to bring a mobile app idea to life, you need a programming language that is easy to implement, scalable, and futuristic. 

There are multiple programming languages for mobile app development but only a few of them have it all to meet the necessary requirements. Here is the list of the best 6 mobile app programming languages that can help you develop a flawless application.

1. React Native

React Native started as Facebook’s international hackathon project and turned to be one of the most capable coding languages for cross-platform mobile app development. That means you can use React Native to build just a single app that can be deployed on both iOS and Android. Hence, reducing the development task by half.

It has been used to develop widely popular apps like Facebook, Uber, and Airbnb. React Native enables mobile app developers to write a section of code and reuse it on different platforms. After deployment, it easily adapts to different platforms through stylizing elements and detailing. It also offers multiple pre-built components present in its open-source library. This means you can use the pre-developed components uploaded to the library to expedite app development.

React Native comes with a simple UI and implementation order. It helps in making an app more responsive, faster, smoother to use, and quicker to load. On top of that, there are multiple supporting React Native libraries to make your job easier. It also offers third-party plugin support to instantly add features like a calendar. Decorative coding style, live and hot reloading, modular architecture, and a host of other capabilities make React Native a capable language for cross-platform app development.

It also offers robust community support and flawless documentation. In a nutshell, React Native can help you build a cheaper, reliable, and scalable mobile app at a faster pace.

2. Flutter

Google developed Flutter as a mobile app SDK. It offers developers an easy and quick way to develop high-performance smartphone applications with easy deployment on both iOS and Android. It is essentially an app development framework that leverages the coding language Dart. It offers a large library of tools and UI widgets to enable developers to build high immersive and visual app experience. You can also customize widgets to offer a more branded experience within the mobile app.

Its rich widgets help in building cross-platform mobile apps that perform at par with native apps. It helps you reuse the same code as it is on both iOS and Android platforms. You just need to incorporate a few UI elements to develop a fully-functional mobile app.

Flutter’s Hot Reload is capable of noticing changes done to code in real-time. This is very handy when you want to make changes to any aspect of the app. Just tweak the code and you can watch the changes in real-time. It offers a smaller and same code-base for both platforms to reduce the mobile app testing time.

3. Java

Java is one of the most popular programming languages among mobile app developers globally. It is easy to learn the language and you can quickly start coding with Java. On top of that, it also offers robust community support for new developers.

Some of the well-known mobile apps including Twitter and Spotify are developed including Java. Even Android OS is built using Java.

Java’s syntax is easy to understand and more readable than Python or other coding languages. Being an Object-Oriented language, it is more capable of handling the complexities of real-world applications. It also offers reliable integration through its rich API. It also enables new coders to avoid making mistakes by being a strongly typed language. 

4. Kotlin

Kotlin is designed to interoperate completely with Java. Kotlin majorly targets the JVM, but it also compiles with JavaScript and native code.

On 7 May 2019, Google made Kotlin its preferred programming language for Android mobile app developers. It is also 100% first-class language. What app developers love the most about Kotlin is its easy usability and efficient setup. It also supports almost all the app development environments.

Kotlin is also completely interoperable with Java. That means, if some of the code is already written in Java, you can continue with Kotlin to develop other parts of the project without affecting the performance. Being one of the cleanest statistically typed languages, it is also one of the cleanest coding languages to develop mobile apps.

It also offers detailed and easy documentation for an intuitive learning experience. On top of that, you also get access to a thriving community on GitHub and other forums that are always ready to help new developers. You can also leverage Kotlin Slack Group to have your queries resolved by some of the best developers globally.

To meet the expectation of developers it also offers Lambdas, Nullability system, Method references, built-in Immutability/Mutability system, and other hosts of features.

5. Swift

Swift has gained exponential popularity ever since its release in 2014. It was also rated the most preferred programming language on Stack Overflow in 2015. Given its popularity, now there are more than 500,000 applications that are at least written partially in Swift.

Swift was created with Apple’s initiative that “Anyone Can Code”. Hence, it is also one of the go-to languages for programmers who want to kick start their career in mobile app development. iOS Apps like Uber, Square, and Lyft leverage Swift as a primary programming language.

Swift is easy and fast to learn. It offers in-built design features with real-time feedback to help write a clean code with minimal errors. You can also code at a faster pace as it eliminates meager tasks, offers multiple built-in tools, and helps you transform complex code into optimized syntax.

You can also use the Swift Playgrounds app built by Apple to assist beginner newbies with learning to code at a faster pace. It offers a highly engaging and interactive environment to learn to code.

6. Objective-C

Objective-C is known as the superset of C. One of the oldest programming languages is reliably compatible with C and C++ codes. Even after being around for over 30 years in the software development space, it is still one of the top choices for iOS app development.

It is a dynamic language that allows you to select between dynamic typing and static typing. You can also easily connect Objective-C with private APIs at a faster pace. The object-oriented language offers robust adaptability at runtime. That means you can mock objects at runtime and access private APIs for faster and simpler coding. It is also more stable, less error-prone, and complies easily than other languages.

Apart from the ease of use and capabilities, these programming languages are selected on the basis of different project requirements. QA InfoTech offers end-to-end app testing solutions and development to help you release a flawless mobile app. Talk to our experts for more information.

About the Author

QA InfoTech

QA InfoTech

Established in 2003, with less than five testing experts, QA InfoTech has grown leaps and bounds with three QA Centers of Excellence globally; two of which are located in the hub of IT activity in India, Noida, and the other, our affiliate QA InfoTech Inc Michigan USA. In 2010 and 2011, QA InfoTech has been ranked in the top 100 places to work for in India.

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