2020-21 has affected almost every business due to the pandemic in different ways. For some, speed acceleration in delivery, scaling the agile and DevOps became a challenge, whereas for others, cost reduction became the top priority. This change began in 2020 and will continue in 2021. There would be a growing need for low code development tools; AI and ML would be more significant than ever and Security Testing would be more critical than before. The domain of software testing and Quality Assurance witnesses continuous transformations with the latest software testing trends that come into the picture.
With an array of important trends in software testing paving their way into the market, it is increasingly becoming imperative for organizations to be at par with the latest in the industry – with the latest testing trends – helping them maintain an edge over their competitors. Organizations must prepare themselves for the latest software testing trends or new QA trends to stay competitive in the market.
Below listed are the top trends in software testing in 2021 and the coming years, one should look out for. These are the major trends for 2021 and beyond that are changing the face of software testing:
This refers to an approach where test cases are automated with minimal coding. Testers can create test case scenarios without any coding knowledge thus reducing the time spent on recurring test cases. There are various tools with ML and AI capabilities which provide test re-usability, stability, minimum test maintenance resulting in lower training and upfront maintenance cost. To name a few, here are some codeless automation tools:
- Sahi Pro
Salesforce is a number 1 on demand CRM and tops software testing trends in 2021. The Salesforce AppExchange features millions of applications and more than 70% of salesforce customers use these applications. A deep, thorough testing is required such as Unit, Integration, System, UAT and Security Testing. The demand for Salesforce professionals is growing and the growth prospects for a Salesforce tester are very promising.
Testing of Blockchain is also in demand due to rise of popularity in applications having Blockchain technology. Industry experts believe that this will be the next big thing in the coming few years. It is predicted that a combination of blockchain technology, smart contracts and micro-transaction will trend in future. Worldwide spending on Blockchain solutions is anticipated to reach $11.7 billion in 2022. These statistics elucidates the rising scope of Blockchain technology and the need for Blockchain testing.
Big Data Testing
Data is the new ruler to strengthen user bases and marketing strategies. The mining of structured or unstructured data defined as big data needs effective testing. Big Data helps to make improved decisions with accurate data validation and helps improved market targeting and business strategizing with informed decisions from this Big Data analysis.
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is expected to hold more importance in coming years because it will let testers automate large and complex data through an easy-to-use interface. The market size of RPA is expected to reach $7.2 billion by 2025. This growth in RPA is due to its ability to help businesses remain competitive by automating their repetitive business processes.
RPA in software testing is helping testers by replacing regression and load testing thus saving time and effort. In coming years RPA is expected to hold more importance in helping organizations to improve their way of working.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning has become more significant trend in software testing than ever. By 2026, Artificial Intelligence is expected to reach an overall global investment of $202.57 billion. Artificial Intelligence would impact testing by optimizing test suites, analysis of test and defects and identifying various metrics like high-risk areas, prediction of end-user behavior and analyzing traceability matrix.
QA teams can leverage Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to improve their Automation strategies and keep pace with frequent releases with the help of reporting and analytics. Test engineers can utilize AI algorithms to identify and prioritize scope for further test automation. In coming years organizations would rely a lot more on AI and ML. This will be one of the top testing trends in coming years.
Internet of Things (IoT), is one of the most rapidly growing trends in business and technology space. The number of interconnected gadgets has already reached 30.73 billion in 2020. The IoT testing market is projected to reach $6042.45 billion by the year 2026. IoT technologies are helpful for both individual users and corporations, transportation and logistics, machinery manufacturing and agriculture are few who are exploiting IoT advantages to the most extent.
The usage of IoT tests using advanced and leading-edge technologies has led to rising use of distinct kind of test tools for several purposes and the market is projected to grow at a rapid rate. QA engineers should be ready to test software developed entirely for new types of hardware for security, reliability, the ease of usage, connection with other devices, etc.
DevOps and QAOps
DevOps methodology eliminates boundaries between testing, development and operations to accelerate deployment speed, slash time to market and assist higher ROI. Similarly, QAOps practice strengthens communication bond between development and software testing teams. More companies have started to observe the advantages of Agile and DevOps methodologies.
Must Check: Top 12 DevOps Tools
Security and Risk
The pandemic dramatically accelerated the WFH and also the introduced new threats and vulnerabilities to organizations. Many companies were not prepared for the remote work as they had expected out to be and cyber criminals realized this to be a golden opportunity to attack. The global market for security testing services is expected to observe a high growth rate. According to research, it has been observed that the global security testing market size is expected to grow from $6.1 billion in 2020 to $ 16.9 billion by 2025.
With the enhancement of microservices architecture on the web and software development, the usage of API is mounting every day. Automated testing on the API and service level will continue to rise in 2021. API testing will soon take over the traditional forms of software testing.
Also Check – Top API Testing Tools
The year 2021 will mark the prolongation of immense change in technology and digital transformation therefore, pushing the organizations to continuously innovate and reinvent themselves. These emerging software testing trends are the ones that organizations should lookout for. Keeping updated with these trends in software testing would help professionals to stay ahead in the league.