As cybersecurity remains the key for every product in this day and age, one should beware about the rising cybersecurity threats that plague the domain. COVID-19 definitely brought about a whirlwind of changes and newer techniques of working in a remote environment.
With that, organizations’ and users’ data was at the disposal of hackers and crackers – it still is. Thus, certain threats that have become crucial need to be looked into, along with the need for security testing services to mitigate and eliminate such cybersecurity threats. Among the elucidated threats, certain security risks from the OWASP Top 10 are also included – a key standard for organizations to be tested against.
1. Injection-related Threats
These cybersecurity threats essentially manifest when someone tampers with a web page. This may involve filling in hostile information in a different field within a page. Varied types of injections such as SQL, LDAP, Object Relational Mapping (ORM), Expression Language (EL) or Object Graph Navigation Library (OGNL), are pushed by an attacker to a server which gets executed therein.
This essentially can lead to losing data for organizations, or unauthorized access to their platforms by hackers who manipulate data from the backend-server by injecting hostile information. With seamless penetration testing services, such types of injections to a server can be mitigated by proactively exploiting the anticipated vulnerabilities.
2. Session-related Threats
An extremely common cybersecurity threat that attackers use to their advantage is by manipulating certain parameters to get unauthorized access into an active session. For example, a hacker may manipulate a URL by altering the username and log into a user’s session without his/her authorization. By gaining access to such sensitive data, attackers may use it for malicious purposes such as laundering money or tampering with confidential documents.
It may also include exploiting session management vulnerabilities that allow hackers to impersonate as valid website users – with which they can steal sensitive information, alter private settings and compromise the whole structure and content of the website. Security testing plays a crucial role here. A comprehensive test coverage ensures that users’ information, such as passwords, usernames, etc., are not compromised.
3. Security Misconfiguration
Organizations increasingly face this cybersecurity threat when it comes to following some set standards for security parameters. It may include using certain cookies or some security headers with HTTPS (encrypted data transmission) than HTTP which can be tampered with. Along with other parameters, it becomes imperative to use functions wherein security is configured.
More often than not, attackers get access to these functions because of some security misconfigurations and often because of a lack of security configuration. Some may use tokens for viewing sensitive information or others may use clickjacking for impersonating another website with one’s own malicious website – a subtle form of phishing. Herein as well, penetration testing services play a key role in checking security gaps for the set parameters and aligning it with industry standards.
4. Business Logic Bugs
These are extremely common defects which become business critical. Business logic threat lingers when attackers directly tamper with the main workflow or purpose of an organization. For instance, attackers may directly manipulate information related to pricing or membership of a product on an e-commerce website.
The attacker may also bypass authentication which may be required for accessing any sensitive information on, say, an HR management system – by impersonating the role of an HR head. These scenarios outline the dangers that prevail for an organization’s pivotal operations. For identifying and exploiting such vulnerabilities, a structured manual penetration testing becomes imperative.
It would involve an end-to-end understanding of the business flow and identifying the discrepancies or areas which may be prone to malicious attacks. Herein, a manual testing effort would supercede test automation using automated scanners, since these bugs align with the logic of an organization – an area which might slip through the cracks of automation testing.
5. Sensitive Information Disclosure
As a crucial risk within the OWASP Top 10 vulnerabilities, sensitive data exposure can cause confidential data leaks. For instance, developers might mistakenly push sensitive information from the development environment to the production stage.
This might leave tracks of confidential passwords, configured files, etc., which could be exploited by attackers instantly. Organizations need to be increasingly vigilant of such leaks – wherein robust penetration testing would do wonders in securing such sensitive information.
6. Lack of Cybersecurity Awareness
This is one of the most important cybersecurity threats that anyone could face, be it an organization or especially users, who lack the very knowledge of what threats may manifest before them. For organizations, all the aforementioned areas are those they need to be aware about – including the rising instances of security breaches whilst remote working or DDoS attacks.
For users, cyber awareness becomes a very important facet in ensuring that they stay clear of risky waters such as phishing, ransomwares, social engineering, etc. Users often fall into such traps laid out by hackers in putting their sensitive information at their disposal through such scams. As a “meta threat” to all the aforementioned threats, cybersecurity awareness should be extensively advocated.
These cybersecurity threats are surely not exhaustive and mostly are outlined within the latest security standards that organizations should follow; and users to beware about. From certain concise bugs that may arise for organizations to the importance of cybersecurity awareness, these points present an overview of the cyber-threats. Such cybersecurity threats also point to the growing need to avail security testing services.
This would not only ensure identification and exploitation of security vulnerabilities but in maintaining an organization’s cyber hygiene as well – the expertise of QA InfoTech, a Qualitest Company, wherein our seasoned domain experts and engineers help organizations level up to the security standards in making their products safe and sound.